Environmental

Emissions Management

In 2020, brMalls, in partnership with Draxos Consultoria e Gestão Ambiental Ltda, produced the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) I Emissions Inventory for the year 2019. The inventory is used annually by the company to be eligible for the ICO2 and is elaborated in accordance with the specifications of the Brazilian GHG Protocol Program, which considers the accounting, quantification and publication of corporate GHG emission inventories.

Draxos follows the guidelines of the reference protocol developed by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) - The Greenhouse Gases Protocol (WRI/WBCSD): A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard - revised edition April 2004) and international standard ISO 14064-1.

It is worth mentioning that the aforementioned methodology uses the co-responsibility principle, that is, the GHG emissions emitted directly and indirectly by the company‘s activities are considered for brMalls. While direct emissions come from sources that belong to or are controlled by brMalls, indirect emissions are a consequence of the company‘s activities, but come from sources that do not belong to or are not controlled by the company, such as the transport of waste or generation of electricity due to the composition of the Brazilian energy grid. Thus, emissions are divided into 3 scopes, which will be detailed below.

Scope I

Scope I refers to direct emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) from activities managed by the company. Total scope I emissions were 7,021tCO2e. For the company, the biggest source of emissions in 2019 came from the fugitive emissions category, mainly air conditioning refrigerant gases (60%). Second, which represents 40% of scope I, comes direct stationary combustion, which refers to fuels burned by generators.

Scope II

Scope II refers to indirect GHG emissions, derived from the electricity supply of the Brazilian grid. The total scope II emissions were 17,952 tCO 2e.

Scope III

Scope III refers to indirect GHG emissions from activities managed by third parties. . Total scope III emissions were 13,575 tCO2e. For brMalls, the category that raised emissions the most in scope III was the generation of solid waste (89%), in particular food waste, which generates GHGs during the decomposition process in landfills.

In 2019, the total emissions of brMalls considering its stake in the 26 managed malls was 38.547 tCO2e. Scope I represented 18% of emissions, Scope II, 47% and Scope III, 35% of total emissions.

In order to reduce emissions, brMalls seeks better operational energy efficiency, such as replacing conventional bulbs with LED bulbs and CAG automation.

Emissions Outside of the Scope

With the evident change in consumers’ behavior, who are more concerned about less polluting and more economical means of transport, malls started offering parking spaces for electric cars, with a structure to recharge them. Although this iniciative is not related to the emissions of scope I, II and III, in 2019 7 malls offered spaces for electric cars: Plaza Niterói, Villa-Lobos, Jardim Sul, Shopping Estação Cuiabá, Estação Curitiba, NorteShopping and Independência Shopping.

Energy Management

With projects that continuously improve energy efficiency, brMalls remains committed to the best environmental practices in this area. In 2019, brMalls malls consumed a total of 345,408 MWh of energy, which represents a reduction of 9% compared to the previous year and 19% compared to 2015. When excluded the divested assets, the reduction was 7% versus 2015, but there was an increase of 7% compared to 2018 due to the opening of Estação Cuiabá.

Accumulated reduction of R$30 MM

2015 to 2019

Reduction of 9%

versus 2018

-19% consumption

versus 2015

Natural Lighting

An alternative used by malls to reduce the need for artificial lighting and increase natural lighting is the presence of the skylight. In 2019, 21 malls had skylights.

A claraboia é um artifício arquitetônico que une estética e funcionalidade, pois além do seu papel decorativo, também funciona como fornecedora de luz natural e, em alguns casos, permite a otimização da circulação do ar. Devido a essas características, a existência de claraboias nos shoppings permite uma grande economia de energia, gerando impacto positivo não só financeiramente como também na redução das emissões de GEEs.

Shopping Estação

Campinas Shopping

LED Lighting

The switch from conventional lighting to LED lighting has been carried out in our malls since 2014. So far, 25 of our malls are already 100% LED, generating better use of energy and reducing damage to the environment. The LED lighting installation improved the perception of safety in the malls, since it provides greater visibility in the environments. It also reduced the waste generation, including toxic waste - since the service life of the LED fixture is much longer than the conventional one and LED lighting does not have toxic elements in its composition - and contributed to the reduction in GHG emissions. In addition, there was a standardization of luminotechnic quality in common areas, a gain of scale in the purchase of bulbs and fixtures of the same model and the elimination of chronic lighting problems.

Amazonas Shopping

CAG Automation

Building automation facilitates the control of mall‘s equipment operation and ensures greater energy efficiency, since it reduces the resources consumption, especially energy. In malls, the air conditioning system represents about 40% of the asset’s total energy consumption, therefore, any optimization of this system is very relevant. In 2020, 15 malls already had automation of CAG’s systems. This automation reduces consumption, generates greater thermal comfort and makes operation more efficient, reducing maintenance and eventual equipment problems.

Water Management

With projects that continuously improve water efficiency, brMalls remains committed to the best environmental practices in this area. In 2019, brMalls shopping centers consumed a total of 2,978,234 m³ of water, which represents a reduction of 3.5% compared to 2015 and 4% compared to 2018. When excluded the divested assets, there was an increase of 7.8% versus 2015 and 6.8% versus 2018, due to the opening of Shopping Estação Cuiabá, an increase in the number of food operations in the portfolio and an increase in landscaping at the malls.

Accumulated reduction of R$2,5 MM

2015 to 2019

Reductions of 4%

versus 2018

-3,5% consumption

versus 2015

Consumption Reduction

To reduce water consumption, each mall seeks best practices in order to find a balance between quality and waste mitigation. The fronts for reducing consumption are quite varied, as it depends on the reality of each asset, but some actions are popular among them, such as efficient consumption management. Having an effective daily consumption control with critical analysis of information is the first action capable of achieving relevant results in reducing water consumption. In order to make this monitoring effective, some malls are in the process of adding measuring points (water meters), which allows quicker identification of leaks and better stratification of consumption. Another action is the aerators installation on taps and flow reducers in toilets and showers.

Reuse

The reuse system aims to replace conventional water sources, contributing to a more sustainable and more economically efficient operation. Its use in malls usually extends to toilet flushing, gardening and CAG‘s condensation water, and must follow the appropriate treatment for each specific situation, which usually consists of the steps of solids and liquids separation, flocculation and finalized with chemical treatment.

The malls that have reuse systems are Mooca, Catuaí Maringá, Estação Cuiabá, Norte Shopping and Piracicaba.

Rainwater Collection

Rainwater collection is an action that reduces water consumption from concessionaires. Rainwater can be used, for example, in gardening and in the condensation process that occurs in CAGs and restrooms. In 2019, Catuaí Maringá, Catuaí Londrina and Estação Cuiabá already had this system.

Waste Management

Malls are large enterprises with a high circulation of people, with great potential for generating waste. In this scenario, the separation and correct disposal of waste have a relevant role for the environment and for the communities that surround our malls.

In 2019, 25 malls had information on solid waste. The malls considered discarded an average of 88 tons of waste per month each, that is, over 26 thousand tons of waste throughout the year. One of the most representative waste is cardboard, which is recycled by 96% of our malls.

Plaza Verde

Since 2016, Plaza Niterói has a waste management project called Plaza Verde. The mall‘s waste management is carried out by a waste management company.

In 2018, 10 former garbage collectors were hired to be dedicated to the project, being offered to them the CLT regime and the same benefits that are provided to all Plaza Niterói’s third parties employees.

These employees are responsible for separating waste, cleaning, organizing the process and transporting recyclable materials to the temporary storage area.

In the operational area, the waste is segregated into recyclable, organic and scraps - the organic materials are sent to the compost and the scraps are sent to the landfill.

Recyclable waste is separated into paper (mixed, white, folder, magazine), plastic (film, bulk, PET, colored), ferrous scrap, aluminum and glass.

The mall has a compost bin where the organic waste generated is placed. It has the capacity to transform 250 kg of organic material into fertilizer in a 24-hour period.


While part of the fertilizer generated by the compost bin is donated to the Conservation Department of Niterói, to be used in the Verde Notáveis project, reforesting the city, the other part is sent to the Maritime Fire Brigade of Itaipu, to be used in the barracks garden.

In addition, all waste generated at the Municipal Theater of Niterói is donated to the mall´s project so that it can be treated and disposed correctly, another way of fostering sustainability concern in the city.

By the end of 2020, there was a reduction of 170 tons of waste sent to landfills and 158 tons of waste had been recycled.